6 Tick Diseases in Dogs

When a tick bites them the dog, those who are not using preventative medicine are totally at risk.

Any dog that is not protected by tick or flea medicine are susceptible to tick-borne illnesses that can be passed on to animals by tick bites.

How can you detect diseases in Dogs How Do They Work?

When a tick binds to your pet in order to consume blood The tick could release the pathogen that causes illness into the pet’s.

Ticks typically need to be connected for a period of 24 hours in order to transmit disease, but certain diseases can be transmitted within the first few hours of the attachment of a tick.

Dogs with tick diseases can be similar to other serious illnesses and can be difficult to identify without proper tests. If you suspect your dog is suffering from tick-borne disease, it’s crucial to seek medical attention immediately.

It is possible to protect your pet by being aware of possible consequences of an injury from a tick. Make sure you keep your pet safe from these six tick-borne illnesses that are most commonly which are prevalent in dogs.

Canine Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is a tick-borne infection in dogs, which originates from the bacterium Borrelia Burgdorferi. Lyme can be transmitted to dogs through the ticks of deer or the black-legged tick ( Ixodes scapularis). In order to transmit this disease the deer tick needs to be connected to the dog for a period of 36-48 hours.

Lyme disease is prevalent in the Northeast Mid-Atlantic, the Northeast and Midwest.

Clinical Signs

A majority of the dogs who are exposed to Lyme disease don’t develop obvious disease. If they do show symptoms, it tends to affect joints and infrequently the kidneys.

The clinical signs are:

  • Fever
  • Lameness in the legs that is intermittent or shifts
  • Lethargy
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Urinary and drinking habits are increased.
  • Anorexia
  • Vomiting
  • Trouble breathing
  • Neurologic or heart-related complications (rare)

Treatment

Antibiotics are the best treatment. If the situation is more complicated Lyme diseases, like those that affect kidneys hospitalization and support is suggested.

Prevention

There is an Lyme vaccination which can be beneficial to protect dogs from Lyme disease. Your veterinarian can help to determine if this is the best choice for your pet.

Canine Ehrlichiosis

Ehrlichiosis can be a second common tick-borne disease that affects dogs. The tick-borne disease can be caused by Ehrlichia canis bacteria and may cause multisystemic problems in dogs.

The ticks responsible for transmitting ehrlichiosis include Brown dog tick ( Rhipicephalus sanguineus), American dog tick ( Dermacentor variabilis) and deer tick.

The majority of cases of ehrlichiosis happen in regions such as the Southwest as well as the Gulf Coast regions.

Clinical Signs

Ehrlichiosis can affect various body systems. Its severity illness can vary based on various factors such as the duration of the infection as well as the status of the immune system of the patient, and the severity of Ehrlichia.

The clinical signs are:

  • Lethargy
  • Anorexia
  • Disorders of bleeding (bruising and bleeding out of the the nose or the body cavity)
  • Stiffness or swelling joints
  • Fever
  • Spleen, lymph nodes or lymph nodes are enlarged.
  • Cough and difficulty breathing
  • Ocular changes
  • Bone bone marrow suppression
  • Neurologic symptoms

Treatment

Antibiotics are the most common treatment however, because of the multisystemic nature of this disease, additional therapy could be required.

The earlier this condition is addressed more quickly, the better chance of recovery. The cases that are acute have the best chance of recovery, whereas those with chronic infection have an uncertain prognosis.

Prevention

The various kinds of Ehrlichia can trigger diseases in dogs as well as humans. There is no vaccine in the moment, therefore regular, effective tick prevention is crucial to protect your pet and yourself.

Canine Anaplasmosis

Canine anaplasmosis is caused by two distinct species of bacteria. The one, Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a bacterium that infects white blood cells. It’s the one that is able to be transmitted to humans. Another, Anaplasma platysinfects the platelets in dogs.

It is transmitted by ticks from deer and is prevalent throughout California, Wisconsin, Minnesota and the Northeast.

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Clinical Signs

A majority of dogs do not show obvious signs of anaplasmosis. For those who show signs, an illness can begin to manifest within a couple of weeks of the bite of a tick. Signs of illness include:

  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Inappetence
  • Lameness and stiffness
  • Bleeding disorders (anemia)
  • Ocular changes

The less commonly used signs are:

  • Vomiting/diarrhea
  • Larger lymph nodes
  • Signs of neurologic disorders

Treatment

Antibiotics are the primary source of treatment for this condition. The odds of survival are good when pets are treated earlier in the course of the disease.

Prevention

The ticks of dogs can cause re-infection and therefore a reliable tick prevention product is crucial for dogs that could be at risk of being exposed.

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is an illness of ticks in dogs that is caused by a bacterium known as Rickettsia Rickettsia and it utilizes ticks such as the American dog tick as well as the dog tick of brown as the primary carriers. It’s usually an acute illness that can last approximately two weeks.

This tick-borne disease is more likely to be observed mostly in areas of the Southeast as well as the South Central US; however it has been reported all over all United States.

Clinical Signs

The majority of dogs don’t show any signs, however, if signs are observed, they will include:

  • Fever
  • Depression
  • Vomiting, diarrhea
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Cough
  • Bleeding disorders, anemia
  • Neurologic symptoms
  • Arrhythmias

Treatment

Animals suffering from RMSF might require hospitalization. Treatment includes proper antibiotic therapy as well as supportive care for any loss of fluid and blood abnormalities, as well as anemia. The prognosis when clinical signs begin to show is generally good.

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Humans

RMSF is considered to be a zoonotic disorder which means that humans may contract it too. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define RMSF as an ” nationally notifiable condition,” which means that cases confirmed as having occurred should be reported to state or local medical departments (depending the local regulations).

Canine Babesiosis

Babesia is a protozoal illness that targets the red blood cells within the body. The parasite is transmitted via dog fights or blood transfusions (rare) however the most frequent method to transmit it is via bites from ticks.

Babesia variants are found all over the globe The most well-known one in the US being B. gibsoni.

Clinical Signs

Canine Babesiosis can result in the following clinical symptoms:

  • Lethargy
  • Jaundice or pale mucous membranes.
  • Fever
  • Spleen, lymph nodes, or lymph nodes

Treatment

Treatment with antiprotozoal medications may be required In some instances antibiotics are also employed. The specific treatment is dependent on the type of babesia that is that is identified as well as the severity of the illness. Certain pets may need hospitalization or IV fluids, and blood transfusions.

Canine Bartonellosis

The Canine Bartonellosis is a condition caused by the bacteria Bartonella Spp. A form of the disease that affects humans is often known as ” cat scratch fever.” The particular organism that causes the disease hasn’t yet been identified in dogs However, ticks are believed to be the cause.

This is a condition which can affect cats and humans as well.

Clinical Signs

  • Lymph nodes that are larger
  • Ocular changes
  • Lameness
  • Changes in the neurologic system

Treatment

An antibiotic treatment or mixture of antibiotics should be done for at least a month. The prognosis is excellent when who are treated immediately. It’s a zoonotic condition which means it is contracted by pet owners.

This is another reason that the prevention of ticks and fleas is vital for our pets.

Prevention of ticks and fleas can Help Protect Your Dog

Since ticks carry diseases that could be detrimental to dogs as well as humans, a annual tick prevention (even during the winter months) is vitally important to your dog. Numerous products can assist in this regard.

The products to stop ticks and fleas the veterinarian may recommend include:

  • NexGard
  • Simparica
  • Bravecto
  • Vectra 3D
  • K9 Advantix II
  • Seresto

Consult your veterinarian about what is a suitable choice to your dog.

The strict control of ticks on your pet and the environment around them is essential in preventing tick-borne illness. Check your dog often for ticks, and then remove all ticks as soon as they appear.

Also, make sure that all hedges, grasses, and overgrowth from your property cut back to make it less attractive for ticks as well as animals who transport ticks.

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